Wisdom Teeth Extraction
Third molars, also known as wisdom teeth, are usually the last four of 32 teeth to come through making their appearance around the ages of 17 to 25. They are found at the back of the mouth on the top and the bottom.
In most cases, not enough space in the mouth does not allow the teeth to come through the gums properly and become fully functional. When this happens, the tooth can stuck in the gum and bones in an potentially harmful position. If no treated, impacted wisdom teeth can cause to infection, damage to other teeth, and the possibly tumors or cysts.
There are several types of impaction based on the depth of the teeth in the jaw:
Soft Tissue Impaction: The upper portion of the tooth (the crown) has penetrated through the bone, but the gingiva (gum) is covering part or all of the tooth’s crown and has not positioned properly around the tooth. Because it is difficult to keep the area clean, food can become trapped below the gum and cause an infection and/or tooth decay, resulting in pain and swelling.
Partial Bony Impaction: The tooth has partially erupted, but a portion of the crown remains submerged below the gum and surrounding jawbone. Again, because it is difficult to keep the area clean, infection will commonly occur.
Complete Bony Impaction: The tooth is completely encased by jawbone. This will require more complex removal techniques.
Reasons to remove wisdom teeth
If impaction of one or more wisdom teeth is present, and left untreated, a number of potential painful/ harmful consequences can occur,
Damage to nearby teeth: Second molars can be affected by impacted wisdom teeth, which can lead to cavities, gum disease and possibly bone loss.
Disease: Although not common, cysts and tumors can occur in the area around the impacted tooth.
Infection: Bacteria and food can become trapped under the gum tissue, where an infection can occur. The infection can cause large amount of pain and possible danger.
Tooth Crowding: the teeth crowd and twist leaving you with an uneven smile, therefore you will need braces in the future.
As for whatever dental procedure, your dental specialist will need to at first behavior a careful examination of the intelligence Furthermore encompassing teeth. Surrounding alternately advanced x-ray beams will be taken with the end goal your dental specialist will assess those position of the astuteness teeth What's more figure out whether An current issue exists, or those probability for any possibility future issues. The x-ray beams might also uncover extra danger factors, for example, such that crumbling or rot about close-by teeth. Punctual assessment Also medicine (typically in the mid-teen years) may be prescribed so as on recognize possibility issues Also to move forward the outcomes to patients requiring astuteness teeth extractions.
What does the removal of wisdom teeth involve?
Wisdom teeth removal is a common procedure, generally performed under local anesthesia, intravenous (IV) sedation, or general anesthesia by a specially trained dentist in an office surgery suite. The surgery does not require an overnight stay, and you will be released with post-operative instructions and medication (if necessary), to help manage any swelling or discomfort.